Gary C. Tanko Well Drilling, Inc.
The trusted name in water well drilling, pump sales, service & installation since 1969.
Water System Components
Each of the following components, with their individual advantages and limitations, must be considered when selecting a water system, since their characteristics may affect or be affected by one another:
Well or source of supply
Well sanitation equipment
Space and accessibility
Adequate Capacity Ground Water Source (More than 5 gpm): Ground water is the water that has drained below the root zone into the zone of saturation of the earth. The minimum quantity of water required to meet the "adequate" definition is 5 gpm sustained flow. The source of water must be capable of producing 5 gpm continuously for a period of 4 hours.
Limited Capacity Ground Water Source: A ground water source of supply that is not capable of producing at least 5 gpm continuously for a period of 4 hours is limited ground water source and may require additional storage.
Surface Water Sources: Surface water is made up of direct runoff and base flow. Direct runoff is water that does not enter the ground through infiltration or is not returned to the atmosphere by evaporation. It flows over the ground surface. Base flow of streams is derived from groundwater and is the minimum flow obtained in dry weather.
Sources of surface water for water supply are: roof and surface catchments (to cistern), farm ponds, irrigation ditches, streams and lakes.